Electrical Engineering
Lab. Instructor
School of Engineering and Technology
 
Department: Electrical and Electronics Engineering
Phone: 8578953477
 

About Me

Love to Play, Love to fall, Love to rise and love to learn the new things.

 
Research Fields

  • Sports

Teaching

  • Electrical engineering

Expertise

  • Electrical Lab

Interests

  • Sports

 
   

Research Fields


Tableware and Packaging Solutions from Paddy Straw

Abstract:
A paper in any form is an essential product in all country countries worldwide.
There are variety of paper of product like wise there are variety of sources from which paper can be produced both natural and synthetic.The quality texture strength in qualitative parameters depends on the raw material from which the paper product is produced.Growth is population urbanization and industrialization reflect a direct impact on the volume of paper need to be produced. However a paper production from natural resources puts a high load on sourcing. Producing paper from synthetic sourced neither hygienic nor eco-friendly.
To protect environment we need to think of alternative as basis ingredient raw material for paper production. Therefore locating alternative for paper production is key approach to save the environment. One such raw material i.e. a waste product that has got adequate quality to be used as raw material for paper production. That is rice straw which is a byproduct of rice industries
In this project our attempt is to produce paper based packaging materials from rice straw waste as the main ingredient.
From electronic devices to white-out cases, there are many objects in our daily life made from harmful non-biodegradable plastics that are used for a short period of time and then discarded, adding burden to landfills and releasing harmful chemicals such as polybrominated bi-phenyl ethers into our environment. These objects are often subject to high amounts of use and thus demand high-strength materials.
Thus, there is an increasing demand on the market for novel, high performance materials that do not leave a heavy ecological footprint. If our composite proves to be stronger than the current plastics commonly used, then our material could potentially serve as a replacement for plastics used in electronic devices packaging, common household and office products.The composite would not only provide consumers with a non-toxic material but also abate the environmental and health impact of plastic wastes.
The problem solved by our invention:
There are lots of problems which having a lots of diseases for the human beings, environment and for the nature. There are following some major points:

-Lagging Innovation and Market for Agro-Secondary-products:
India holds the record for the second-largest agricultural land in the world, with around 60% rural Indian households making their living from agriculture.An absence of an organized marketing structure for produce, malpractices in the existing unorganized agricultural markets, inadequate facilities for transportation and storage, scarcity of credit, and limited access tosuperior technology to get timely information are some of the many afflictions which obstruct the Indian agricultural sector.

-Stubble Burning of Paddy Straw:
After the uses of the cereal farmers either throw out or burn the rest of the part of the crops in high amount.Stubble burning in Punjab  and Haryana in northwest India has been cited as a major cause of airpollution in Delhi From late September through October of each year, farmers mainly from Punjab andHaryana burn an estimated 35 million tons of crop waste from their wheat fields after harvesting, as alow-cost straw-disposal practice to reduce the turnaround time between harvesting and sowing for thesecond (winter) crop. Smoke from this burning produces a cloud of particulates visible in images fromspace, and has produced a "toxic cloud" in New Delhi, resulting in declarations of an air-pollutionemergency. For this, NGT (National Green Tribunal) slapped a fine of Rs. 2 lakh on the Delhi Governmentfor not filing an action plan providing incentives and infrastructural assistance to farmers to stop them fromburning crop residue to prevent air pollution.


-Styrofoam:

Styrofoam is made from polystyrene, which is a petroleum-based plastic. Styrofoam is actually the trade name for polystyrene. It’s popular because of its light weight, good insulation properties, and advantage as a packing material for shipping without adding weight. Unfortunately, for all of Styrofoam’s good points, data has shown that Styrofoam also has harmful effects.

-On Human Health
Let’s take a look at the elements used to make Styrofoam. Styrene is the foundational ingredient used to make polystyrene. It is broadly used in the manufacture of plastics, resins and rubber. Those who work in styrene product manufacturing and are regularly exposed to high levels of styrene have experienced acute health effects, including the following:
Irritation of the skin
Irritation of the eyes
Irritation of the upper respiratory tract
Gastrointestinal effects

Styrofoam containers are commonly used for take-out food and specially for the packaging purpose but chemicals can leach into it and contaminate that food, affecting human health and reproductive systems and as well as affected the environment. This effect is further accentuated if food is reheated while still in the container and packaging materials. Never heat Styrofoam: always remove food to a cooking vessel for reheating.

-On the Environment
Styrofoam is non-biodegradable and appears to last forever. It’s resistant to photolysis,
or the breaking down of materials by photons originating from light. This combined
with the fact that Styrofoam floats, means that large
amounts of polystyrene have accumulated along coastlines and waterways around the
world. It is considered a main component of marine debris.

This not only pollutes the air, but also results in liquid and solid toxic waste thatrequires proper disposal. Another cause for concern are the brominated flame retardants that are used on Styrofoamproducts. Research suggests that these chemicals may have negative environmental and health effects.Styrofoam manufacture also uses hydro-fluorocarbons (HFCs), which negatively impact the ozone layer and climatechange. HFCs are less detrimental to the ozone than chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), which were used in themanufacturing of Styrofoam in the past, but it is thought that the impact of HFCs on climate change is much moreserious.

The proposed solution has a wide range of opportunities to serve in the markets:
- As Raw Material to Existing Cookware Units: Supplying the specially formulated sheets (of different thickness) to the existing plants/units in the market using paper/cardboard as the background with a plastic lining at the top.
- As Generic Designs for the Market: The market of the generic cookware (Plates, Bowls) in India, being a very common demand of every house/community for serving/distributing thefood on occasions like public gathering, festivals, other get-together events, is huge. Moreover, the market of this type is also prevalent in rural and semi urban areas.
- As Packaging to Existing Food / Product Outlets: Supplying packaging (branding) solutions to varieties of Products/Brands (food, electronics, etc.) using 3D-printed customized molds.
-As packaging of Eggs outlet: Egg trays which are available in different shapes and sizes in the markets.

Amarjeet Singh
SoVET
Centurion University